Many intravenous drug users are at high risk of contracting numerous bloodborne infections, including HIV and hepatitis viruses.1 Needle exchange programs can help prevent the spread of these diseases by providing clean needles and disposing of used ones. Users can also get other services at these programs, such as medical care and screenings.\\n\\n\"}Evidence suggests that these programs do not encourage drug use or lead to more crime or used needles on the street.
Other programs simply provide as many needles as the user needs between visits to the program. This specific number can vary depending on the person. But the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (UNAIDS) recommends providing 200 sterile needs per person each year.5
Current provisions prohibit the use of federal funds for directly purchasing sterile needles solely for illicit drug use. However, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2016 permits local communities to use federal funding for other aspects of needle exchange programs.3 They must request permission for such funding, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will review each state or local community\\u2019s level of need.1 \\n\"}Overdose also remains an inherent risk for intravenous drug users. In recent years, there have been drastic and devastating spikes in death rates associated with drug use. Needle exchange programs reduce overdose death rates by teaching drug users how to prevent and respond appropriately to drug overdose via naloxone treatment.4
Finally, it should be noted that despite the social stigmas and criticisms of harm reduction services, evidence shows that needle exchange programs do not actually increase drug use, crime, or the presence of discarded syringes.2\\n\"}Though some may believe that needle exchange programs essentially enable and promote more needles on the street, the opposite effect has been shown to happen. If people must turn in needles for new ones, there is a greater incentive to find discarded or used ones. Many programs track the number of needles returned. In many cases, they come close to or even exceed the number of needles distributed.2
If you live in a neighborhood where ponderosa pines grow freely, you know about too many pine needles. Pine trees drop lots of needles, especially those 50-foot giants! Gutter guards protect my rain gutters, but I still have piles of needles on the ground. What is to be done with all these needles
Pine needles are a good choice for mulching, and really economical if you have pine trees in your yard or pine straw easily available locally. Because pine needles break down so slowly they are not good additives to turn directly into garden soils. Best to use them as a top dressing on flower gardens, around roses, and places where weed and moisture control are desired.
I read about this and used pine needles to protect my new azalea plant for the winter. I have just pulled back the needles to the drip line to put down fertilizer at the drip line as the bag indicated. (I use Organic Holly-Tone and I live in St. Louis, MO) My question is do I put the needles back around the plant or get rid of it for the spring and summerThanks so much for any information.
Individuals who generate infectious waste at home are largely exempt from regulatory requirements for treating, transporting, tracking and disposal. However, sharps, such as hypodermic needles, lancets and syringes, must be properly packaged before they are placed with other household trash for collection and disposal, as described below.
The facts as outlined in plaintiffs' opening statement, which are to be taken as undisputed, were these: On July 31, 1951, Lawrence E. Rosebrock, an employee of plaintiffs O'Hanlon Reports, Inc. and National Inspection Bureau, was injured in the city of St. Louis in an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment when his automobile was struck by a truck owned by defendant Needles, doing business as Ben Needles & Son Hauling and Express Company, and operated by defendant Johnson. Shortly thereafter (the record in the main is devoid of precise dates), Rosebrock employed counsel and filed a personal injury action for $47,000 against Needles. Rosebrock was disabled and unable to work, and plaintiff Standard Accident Insurance Company, the insurer, began to pay him compensation. Thereafter, on October 25, 1951, Standard Accident notified these defendants by letter of its claim for reimbursement for the compensation it was paying Rosebrock. As far as the record shows, defendants did not answer the letter. Standard Accident continued to pay Rosebrock compensation until sometime in October 1952, and in all paid him a total of $1,262.50. Standard Accident knew that Rosebrock had filed suit against Needles, and that Needles' liability insurer, Utilities Insurance Company, was defending it on his behalf, but Standard Accident did not seek to intervene in that action. A settlement *384 was negotiated by Rosebrock's counsel, whereby Utilities Insurance paid Rosebrock and his wife the sum of $12,500.00, and on October 21, 1952, Rosebrock dismissed his suit against Needles, with prejudice.
After medicines have been collected they are transported to an incinerator, where they will be destroyed. Incineration is the preferred method of medicine destruction for environmental safety and abuse prevention.
Syringe services programs (SSPs) are also referred to as syringe exchange programs (SEPs) and needle exchange programs (NEPs). Although the services they provide may vary, SSPs are community-based programs that provide access to sterile needles and syringes, facilitate safe disposal of used syringes, and provide and link to other important services and programs such as
Some states have passed laws specifically legalizing SSPs because of their life-saving potential. SSPs may also be legal in states where possession and distribution of syringes without a prescription are legal.
Decisions about use of SSPs as part of prevention programs are made at the state and local levels. The Federal Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2016 includes language that gives states and local communities meeting certain criteria the opportunity to use federal funds provided through the Department of Health and Human Services to support certain components of SSPs, with the exception of provision of needles, syringes, or other equipment used solely for the purposes of illicit drug use.
Information about safely disposing of sharps is difficult to come by and often misunderstood. SafeNeedleDisposal.org provides a one-stop shop for people to learn how to safely dispose of used sharps wherever they are. This site is a project of NeedyMeds.
EAST ST. LOUIS, Ill. - A 68-year-old Illinois man was jailed without bond Thursday after being accused by federal prosecutors of inserting sewing needles into packaged meat \"just for the hell of it\" at a grocery store in his hometown at least seven times over more than a year.
The criminal complaint filed Wednesday against Ronald Avers said one buyer of boneless chuck roast at the Shop 'n Save store in Belleville just east of St. Louis later bit into one of the needles, and a needle slipped into a steak stuck another customer.
FBI Special Agent Daniel Cook, in an affidavit filed with the criminal complaint, wrote that Shop 'n Save alerted him July 9 of the tampering, which dated to May of last year, when a customer first reported finding a needle in a package of ground beef. Roughly four months later, Cook wrote, a store employee found a needle sticking out of a package of pork chops. Customers later reported finding needles in everything from ground beef to roasts and steaks.
After buying various items, Cook said, the man was approached by investigators outside the store and allowed them to search his truck, where an open package of sewing needles was found in a center console. Identifying himself as Ronald Avers, Cook wrote, the man insisted he kept the needles on hand to mend pants he tore while camping, then gradually acknowledged he used the needles more inappropriately.
\"Avers said during the interview two times he inserted sewing needles into packaged meat products, 'just for the hell of it.'\" the FBI agent wrote, adding that Avers continued: \"It was stupidity. I didn't want to hurt nobody.\"
\\\"The needles were the easy part. It was the emotional struggle, the ups and downs, that really took a toll,\\\" she said to ABC News. \\\"I'm single and waited a long time for a husband to come. And then by that time it was difficult to get pregnant.\\\"
Leaving Springfield, Route 66 traversed Litchfield, Staunton and Hamel, and then continued on to the Chain of Rocks Bridge at St. Louis, where it turned west through Rolla, Springfield, Joplin and into Kansas and Oklahoma.
Some of today's journey is on I-40, which parallels the old Route 66 in many places. We always drive the segments of the Mother Road where it still remains. Exits from I-40 onto Route 66 are marked in many locales.
While some people in the activist community believe that white supremacists may have played a role in the deaths, police say there is no evidence linking them to foul play of any kind. Others have suggested that the spate of deaths underscore the harsh reality of the lives of men in color in St. Louis, Missouri, where violent crime and homicide rates have also been on the rise and black residents are three times more likely to be poor than white residents, thus having less access to crucial physical and mental health services. 59ce067264